• Muhammad Shahzad Khattak Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar
Keywords: Temperature, Precipitation, Climate Change, ETo Calculator, CROPWAT 8.0.


Climate change is a major problem which directly affects agricultural economy of a region as the crop water
requirements of major crops is increased. This study was conducted to estimate evapotranspiration (ETo) and crop
water requirements (CWR) of wheat and maize crops of the study area during mid (2040-2059) century under emission
scenarios based on Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). The methodology employed here involves
the comparison of temperature and precipitation data projected by different GCM with the observed data. The delta
change and ratio method was used to obtain the corrected value of temperature and Precipitation (PPT) for the
future. The ETo calculator of Food and Agriculture Organization was used to calculate evapotranspiration. The CWR
of wheat and maize crops was computed using CROPWAT 8.0. Results showed that out of sixteen GCMs, only four
models i.e., bcc_csm1_1_m, gfdl_cm3, miroc5 and noresm1_m, were considered suitable for simulating the present
day climate for the study area. The Ensemble average of these four selected models showed an increase in mean
temperature of 2.07 oC and 2.47 oC, and an increase in PPT of 8% and 10% under RCP 4.5 and 8.5, respectively.
Similarly, ETo showed an increase of 17% and 21% under both scenarios. Ensemble seasonal CWR of wheat crop
under RCP 4.5 is projected to be increased by 10%, while under RCP 8.5 it increased by 8%. The CWR of maize
crop is projected to increase by 10% and 15% under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, respectively.


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